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St. John Baptist Scalabrini

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Saint Giovanni Battista Scalabrini

Bishop & Confessor

Giovanni Battista Scalabrini was born in the year of Our Lord 1839 to a pious Italian family, the third of eight children. He studied at the local seminary, was ordained a priest in 1863, and by 1876, at just thirty-six years of age, he was made Bishop of Piacenza. On five separate occasions he visited all three hundred and sixty-five parishes in his diocese, half of which could only be reached on foot or by mule. He reformed seminaries, promoted devotion to the Holy Eucharist, established catechism and material aid programs, and sold personal possessions to help feed the poor during a famine. With the encouragement of the Pope, Bishop Scalabrini also promoted the union of Catholic faith and healthy patriotism at a time when the newly unified secularist Italian government was still in serious conflict with the Church. To care for the needs of Italian emigrants, he founded the Congregation of the Missionaries of St. Charles, also known as the Scalabrinians or the Scalabrinian Fathers, and guided St. Frances Xavier Cabrini to embark on her mission to America. When Bishop Scalabrini died, on the feast of the Ascension in the year of Our Lord 1905, Pope St. Pius X openly wept at the news.


Traditional Roman Martyrology for June 1st

AT ROME, St. Juventius, martyr.

At Caesarea, in Palestine, blessed Pamphilus, priest and martyr, a man of remarkable sanctity and learning, and great charity to the poor. In the persecution of Galerius Maximian, he was tortured for the faith of Christ, under the governor Urbanus, and thrown into prison; then, being again subjected to torments under Firmilian, he consummated his martyrdom with others. With them suffered also Valens, deacon, and Paul, and nine others, whose commemoration occurs on other days.

At Autun, the Saints Reverian, bishop, and Paul, priest, with ten others, who were crowned with martyrdom under the emperor Aurelian.

In Cappadocia, in the time of the emperor Alexander and the prefect Simplicius, the holy martyr Thespesius, who, after undergoing many torments, was beheaded.

In Egypt, under the emperor Diocletian, the holy martyrs Ischyrion, military officer, and five other soldiers, who were put to death in different manners for the faith of Christ.

Also, St. Firmus, martyr, who was scourged most severely, struck with stones, and finally decapitated during the persecution of Maximian.

At Perugia, the holy martyrs Felinus and Gratinian, soldiers under Decius, who were variously tortured, and thus by a glorious death won the palm of martyrdom.

At Bologna, St. Proculus, martyr, who suffered under the emperor Maximian.

At Amelia, in the reign of Diocletian, St. Secundus, martyr, who consummated his martyrdom by being thrown into the Tiber.

At Citta-di-Castello, in Umbria, St. Crescentian, a Roman soldier, crowned with martyrdom under the same emperor.

In Umbria, St. Fortunatus, a priest renowned for virtues and miracles.

In the monastery of Lerins, the abbot St. Caprasius.

At Treves, St. Simeon, monk, who was added to the number of the Saints by pope Benedict IX.

At Burgos, in Spain, in the monastery of Onia, St. Eneco, Benedictine abbot, illustrious by his sanctity and miracles.

℣. And elsewhere many other holy martyrs, confessors, and holy virgins.

℟. Thanks be to God.

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