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Queenship of Our Lady

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The Queenship of Our Lady

The Coronation of the Blessed Virgin Mary as Queen of Heaven and Earth

The Coronation of the Blessed Virgin Mary as Queen of Heaven and Earth has been acknowledged throughout Church history, particularly in the Fifth Glorious Mystery of the Holy Rosary. Yet there was no special feast for the Queenship until the year of Our Lord 1954, when Pope Venerable Pius XII issued the encyclical Ad Caeli Reginam, “To the Queen of Heavens”. Pope Pius cites many references to Our Lady as Queen, summed up thusly by St. Alphonsus Liguori: “Because the virgin Mary was raised to such a lofty dignity as to be the mother of the King of kings, it is deservedly and by every right that the Church has honored her with the title of ‘Queen’.” The encyclical established a feast honoring the Queenship of Our Lady on May 31st, a fitting climax for the month dedicated to the Blessed Mother. In the modern calendar, this feast has been moved to the Octave-Day of the Assumption, August 22nd. In the words of the encyclical, “Let all Christians, therefore, glory in being subjects of the Virgin Mother of God, who, while wielding royal power, is on fire with a mother’s love.”


Traditional Roman Martyrology for May 31st

AT Brescia, St. Angela Merici, virgin, foundress of the nuns of St. Ursula. She is mentioned on the 27th of January.

At Borne, St. Petronilla, virgin, daughter of the blessed apostle Peter, who refused to marry the nobleman Flaccus. Being granted three days to deliberate, she gave herself up to fasting and prayer, and on the third day, after having received the sacrament of the body of Christ, she yielded up her soul.

At Aquileia, the holy martyrs Cantius, Cantian, and Cantianilla. For their attachment to the Christian faith, they were condemned to capital punishment with their tutor Protus, in the time of the emperors Diocletian and Maximian.

At Torres, in Sardinia, St. Crescentian, martyr.

At Comana, in Pontus, in the time of the emperor Antoninus, St. Hermias, a soldier. Being miraculously delivered from many horrible torments, he converted his executioner to Christ, and made him partaker of the crown which he himself obtained first by having his head struck off with the sword.

At Verona, St. Lupicinus, bishop.

At Rome, St. Paschasius, deacon and confessor, who is mentioned by the blessed pope Gregory.

℣. And elsewhere many other holy martyrs, confessors, and holy virgins.

℟. Thanks be to God.

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