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St. Stanislaus

Saint Stanislaus of Krakow

Bishop & Martyr

Stanislaus, or Stanisław in Polish, was born not far from Krakow to a pious noble couple in the Year of Our Lord 1030. As a young man he studied in Gniezno, then spent several years in Paris, where he earned but humbly declined to accept the degree of doctor. He gave away all his inheritance to the poor, and received holy orders from the bishop of Krakow, who also appointed Stanisław as vicar-general. When the bishop died, it took a direct order from the Pope to force Stanisław to accept the office himself. Stanisław was a renowned preacher, patron of the poor, and enforcer of ecclesiastical discipline. His piety brought him into conflict with King Bolesław II, also known as Bolesław the Bold. At one point the bishop even raised a man from the dead to testify against one of the king’s false accusations, but the monarch continued in his crimes and misdeeds, and finally Stanisław excommunicated him in 1079. Bolesław ordered his men to murder Stanisław, but the men refused to touch the saintly bishop, and finally the enraged king slew Stanisław with his own hand, in a little chapel outside Krakow. This great patron of Poland is also celebrated on April 11th in the modern calendar, and for centuries has been honored on May 8th in his city of Krakow.


Traditional Roman Martyrology for May 7th

AT Cracow, in Poland, the birthday of St. Stanislaus, bishop and martyr, who was murdered by the wicked king Boleslas.

At Terracina, in Campania, the birthday of blessed Flavia Domitilla, virgin and martyr, niece of the Consul Flavius Clemens. She received the religious veil at the hands of St. Clement, and in the persecution of Domitian was exiled with many others to the island of Pontia, where she endured a long martyrdom for Christ. Taken afterwards to Terracina, she converted many to the faith of Christ by her teaching and miracles. The judge ordered the chamber in which she was with the virgins Euphrosina and Theodora, to be set on fire, and she thus consummated her glorious martyrdom. She is also mentioned with the holy martyrs Nereus and Achilleus, on the 12th of this month.

The same day, St. Juvenal, martyr.

At Nicomedia, the holy martyrs Flavius, Augustus, and Augustine, brothers.

In the same city, St. Quadratus, martyr, who was frequently tortured in the persecution of Decius, and at last decapitated.

At Rome, St. Benedict, pope and confessor.

At York, in England, St. John, bishop renowned for his saintly life and miracles.

At Pavia, the bishop St. Peter.

At Rome, the translation of the body of St. Stephen, the first martyr, which was brought from Constantinople to Rome, and laid in the sepulchre of the martyr St. Lawrence in the field of Verano, where it is honored with great devotion by the pious faithful.

℣. And elsewhere many other holy martyrs, confessors, and holy virgins.

℟. Thanks be to God.

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