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St. Andrew Bobola

Saint Andrew Bobola

Martyr

Andrew was born to a noble Polish family in the year of Our Lord 1591. At age twenty he joined the Jesuits in Wilno, in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, part of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. After serving as a parish priest and a Jesuit superior, he became a missionary to the large Eastern schismatic population in Lithuania. For twenty years he preached along the roadsides, bringing entire villages back into union and becoming known as “the Apostle of Lithuania” and “the Hunter of Souls”. In 1648 the Cossacks violently rebelled against the Commonwealth under the leadership of Bohdan Chmielnicki, with the aid of Muslim Tartars. On May 16th, 1657, Andrew was captured in a Cossack raid on the city of Pinsk, just after he finished saying Mass, and he was dragged behind horses to the village of Janów. There Andrew was burned, choked, partially flayed alive, and had priestly symbols mockingly carved into his flesh. When he continued to pray aloud for his torturers, his tongue was cut out. Finally, he was beheaded with a saber. His grave was lost when the Jesuits were forced to abandon Pinsk, but he miraculously appeared to lead them back to it years later.

 

Traditional Roman Martyrology for May 16th

AT Gubbio, St. Ubaldus, a bishop renowned for miracles.

In Isauria, the birthday of the holy martyrs Aquillinus and Victorian.

At Auxerre, the passion of St. Peregrinus, first bishop of that city. He was sent into Gaul with other clerics by the blessed pope Xystus, and having accomplished his work of preaching the Gospel, he merited an ever lasting crown by being condemned to capital punishment.

At Uzalis, in Africa, the holy martyrs Felix and Gennadius.

In Palestine, the martyrdom of the holy monks massacred by the Saracens in the monastery of St. Sabas.

In Persia, the holy martyrs Audas, a bishop, seven priests, nine deacons and seven virgins, who endured various kinds of torments under king Isdegerdes, and thus gloriously consummated their martyrdom.

At Prague, in Bohemia, St. John Nepomucen, a canon of the metropolitan church, who, being tempted in vain to betray the secret of confession, was cast into the river Moldau, and thus won the palm of martyrdom.

At Amiens, in France, the bishop St. Honoratus.

At Le Mans, St. Domnolus, bishop.

At Mirandola, in Emilia, St. Possidius, bishop of Calamae, disciple of St. Augustine, and the writer of his glorious life.

At Troyes, St. Fidolus, confessor.

In Ireland, St. Brendan, abbot.

At Frejus, St. Maxima, virgin, who rested in peace with a reputation for many virtues.

℣. And elsewhere many other holy martyrs, confessors, and holy virgins.

℟. Thanks be to God.

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